Call to screen prisoners for brain injuries
PRISONERS in Scotland's jails should undergo
tests for signs of brain injury and be prescribed mood-altering
drugs to help bring down re-offending rates, according to
Studies have shown that up to half of the prison population have
suffered brain trauma caused by accidents and assaults that could
be a factor in persistent offending.
Now the Howard League Scotland, a penal reform charity, is
urging the Scottish Prison Service to introduce screening
programmes to pick up injuries that could be treated using drugs.
Research has found that criminals with attention deficit
hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - which can be caused by brain injury
- who took drugs such as Ritalin were between 32 and 41 per cent
less likely to re-offend.
Trials of screening systems are already taking place south of
the Border, including at HMP Leeds, and will be rolled out to
include young offenders found to have traumatic brain injury.
The Howard League believes Scotland should also become a test
base, as while crime has fallen to a 37-year low, re-offending
rates have remained high, with 42 per cent of offenders committing
another crime within two years.
A spokeswoman for the Howard League Scotland added: "There is a
need to better understand the complexity of issues that contribute
to offending behaviour. Research suggests a higher incidence of
traumatic brain injury (TBI) amongst the prison population than in
the population at large, and this clearly has implications for
those working across the criminal justice system.
"Howard League Scotland has written to the chief executive of
the Scottish Prison Service to highlight these findings and to
emphasise the importance of early identification of those with a
history of TBI.
"This holds the key to enabling effective rehabilitation and,
within a custodial setting, ensuring that those affected are
offered the most appropriate treatment."
According to researchers, although brain injuries can affect
judgment, memory and behaviour and lead to a pattern of offending,
this "hidden disability" can go unrecognised and untreated.
Professor Huw Williams, a neuropsychology expert from Exeter
University who has carried out brain injury research in prison
"Given the prevalence of brain injuries in the prison
population, it is very important that judges and sheriffs do know
if it has been a factor in a person's behaviour.
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