Acute pain starts quickly and is generally short-lived. Chronic pain is more persistent and usually lasts beyond the normal time for healing.
Pain management is important to maintain a reasonable quality of life, as the effects of chronic pain include:
- Faster heart rate and higher blood pressure
- Potential mental health disorders e.g. anxiety and depression
- Increased stress, fatigue and tension
- Gastrointestinal issues.
Early detection of pain and appropriate management are important as otherwise the person may adopt negative ways to cope with the pain. Some of the more frequent causes for pain following a brain injury are:
- Headaches and migraines
- Neck and shoulder pain (after traumatic brain injuries)
- Abscess and skin sores
- Cervical or spine injuries
- Heterotopic ossification (bony overgrowth)
- Kidney stones and bladder infections