The cognitive effects of brain injury include attention and concentration problems, memory problems and difficulty with motivation and making decisions.
This may mean that people with a brain injury become easily distracted, or experience information overload and be slower at taking in and making sense of information. There are strategies that can be put into place to help manage these effects and to improve concentration and attention.
Attention and concentration problems
A brain injury can affect attention or concentration abilities, leading to problems with work, study and everyday living.
Short-term memory loss is very common after a brain injury – thankfully there are plenty of coping strategies available. Typical situations include forgetting people's names, losing a train of thought, getting lost at the shops, repeating or forgetting past conversations, misplacing objects and difficulty learning new skills.
Decision-making is one element of a broader set of mental skills that have been called 'executive functions' - these are the skills needed to enable us to deal with problems that arise in everyday life, and to cope with new situations.